Because digital art is a two-dimensional medium, we have to choose our composition carefully to convey a good sense of depth. You can create depth in an image by including objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Another useful composition technique is overlapping, where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another. The human eye naturally recognises these layers and mentally separates them out, creating an image with more depth.
In the example above, overlapping is used with good affect by the planet overlaying it’s moon. The foreground spacecraft includes a “leading line” of an exhaust trail to create more depth in the foreground portion of the image.
The real world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, such as trees, archways and holes. In 3D digital art, the choice of frames is even greater. By placing frames around the edge of the composition you help to isolate and place attention on a main subject . The result is a more focussed image which draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest.
In Warren Turner’s “Pan’s Labrynth” created with Mojworld, Warren uses effective framing to create a sense of depth and exploration in this image. In fact as well as the main foreground frame, multiple frames from the lattice structure create further depth and mystery.
An image can lack impact because the main subject is so small it becomes lost among the clutter of its surroundings. By cropping tight around the subject you eliminate the background ‘noise’, ensuring the subject gets the viewer’s undivided attention.
Let us know of your 3D digital art images where you’ve made successful use of cropping, depth or framing.